Jen

Jan 142017
 

With “10 Things” being one of my journal games during this trip, of course Mike, Barb, and I came up with a collective 10 Favorite Things from the National Archaeological Museum.

First, though, we had to get to the museum, which proved harder than we expected, despite our preparations and familiarity with the Metro system. I did not anticipate needing the exact amount for our tickets in coins. Bills? Not an option. Credit card? No good. Only one out of four ticket machines worked.

I wasn’t keen to haul around a pocket full of heavy coins all day at the museum—one- and two-euro coins have some weight to them—so I’d left most change at home. Mike hustled back to the apartment to get what we needed.

The rest of the Metro experience was uneventful until the trip home when the cars were packed like those in Tokyo during rush hour. That wasn’t fun, but we got where we needed to go.

So . . . our ten favorite things at the National Archaeological Museum, in no particular order.

1. Schnozzes on cartoony Mycenaean warriors

Mycenean Warriors, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Fresco of Mycenaean Warriors. Are those colanders on their heads?

Mycenaean Profiles, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Gold charms of Mycenaean Men

Do these feel modern or what? This style feels contemporary to me, and how interesting that caricatures were an ancient thing just as they are a contemporary thing. Part of me thinks, “well, du-uh, it’s a natural human perspective,” and still another part is amazed at the connection we humans, specifically I, have with people who lived so long ago. In a world where Everything Changes, this feels like evidence to the contrary.

2. Reading stories on vases

Story Vases 2, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Pictures on vases tell stories

Story Vases, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

A story of the University crew team, perhaps?

Sometimes I recognize the stories depicted on vases, but I confess I don’t recognize these. Oh, Ba-arb! Do you know them?

Even without recognizing a scene, it’s easy and fun to make up my own. These are scenes that are familiar to people of that time, and that’s revealing.

3. Sounding out Greek Words

Sounding out Greek Words, Athens - Jen Funk Weber

Yes, this has the English right below the Greek, but not all signs do, and I tend to try the Greek first. This was one I got from the Greek alone (a different sign). This is the name of the Metro station where we exited.

Just as speaking Spanish was a highlight of visiting Isla Isabela in the Galapagos, sounding out Greek words and actually recognizing some and thus making connections with those words is huge fun for me.

None of us took a picture of the sign in the museum, but we all stood looking at a display, figuring out what it was, noticing the details. I sounded out the sign, Óμηροσ. O – m – e – r – o – s. That little symbol with the first O throws an H sound in, so Ho – m – e – r – o – s. Hearing me, Mike made the connection: Homer! The pieces snapped together. It was a display of The Odyssey.

Nope, this puzzle-solving never gets old.

4. Jockey of Artemision

Jockey of Artemision, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Jockey of Artemision

Few Hellenistic bronze statues remain today, as many were melted down during invasions, presumably to make armor and weapons. This one, however, was lost at sea, a victim of an ancient shipwreck. Archaeologists recovered it after its discovery in 1926.

Did you know that underwater archaeology is a career option? The professor of two courses we watched before coming to Greece—John Hale, PhD.—is, in fact, an underwater archaeologist.

Can I have a career do-over?

5. Giant painted vases

Giant painted vases, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Imagine the genie that could live in this!

Does anyone else want one or more of these? I want them in my yard and garden where I can plant things in and around them.

6. Mycenaean gold

More Mycenean Gold, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Mycenaean gold

Mycenean Gold, National Archeological Museum, Athens

Mycenaean gold jewelry

Ohmygoodness, the quantity of gold in this museum is mind boggling. We strolled past case after case of gold ornaments. Once again, I’m fascinated that ancient people were into the same precious metal that so many people today are. That shared feeling makes for a strong sense of connection.

Do we know how they mined and purified it? I should look that up.

7. Mask of Agamemnon

Mask of Agamemnon, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Mask of Agamemnon. No, that’s not a blue mustache; that’s a glare.

This is a funeral mask, but it isn’t really the mask of Agamemnon; Heinrich Schliemann just hoped it was, and the name stuck. Modern archaeological research indicates the mask is from 1550–1500 BCE, which is well before Agamemnon’s time. Some scientists even wonder if this might not be a fake, given the differences between it and others found at the site. A few suggest that the mask, with its mustache and beard, looks like Schliemann.

Heinrich Schliemann (1822–1890) was a wealthy German businessman turned archaeologist, enamored of Homer’s stories and determined to prove the historical nature of them. His primary focus was on discovering Troy, but he excavated in Mycenae, as well, where stories say Agamemnon was king. This is confirmation bias in action: Schliemann interpreted the mask as evidence that the theory he wanted to be true was, in fact, true.

He was wrong.

Here are a couple of funeral masks that aren’t so controversial.

Mycenaean Funeral Mask, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Mycenaean Funeral Mask, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Mycenaean Funeral Mask 2, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Mycenaean Funeral Mask 2, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Barb suggested that the lines on the eyes may indicate the lids were sewn shut. I wonder if those might just represent eyelashes. Whatever they are, I like them better than the eyes without lines in the other mask.

8. Youth of Antikythera

Youth of Antikythira, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Youth of Antikythera bronze statue

We originally thought this was Perseus holding a now-missing Medusa head in his outstretched hand. The Museum calls it simply “Antikythera Youth.”

Sponge divers seeking refuge during a storm discovered the “Antikythera shipwreck” off the coast of the island of Antikythera in 1900. That year, apparently, archaeologists recovered this statue, among other things.

Over the years, archaeologists recovered more and more artifacts from the site, including the Antikythera Mechanism, which is a crazy-complex thing that we learned about in one of our courses. Some scientists consider it the first computer.

The site sat idle for about 40 years, and then in 2014 new investigations began. In August of this year, divers discovered a skeleton which they hope might still contain DNA. Not much is known about this shipwreck, and researchers are excited to see what else they can discover and learn. So am I!

How exciting that this statue is related to fascinating discoveries being made Right Now!

9. Bull and Lion Rhyta

Bull Rhyton, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Bull Rhyton

Lion Rhyton, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Lion Rhyton

A rhyton is a conical vessel used for pouring or drinking liquids. They’re pitchers! Sometimes they’re fancy for ceremonies; sometimes they’re everyday table vessels.

10. Zeus Throwing Thunderbolt

Zeus Throwing Thunderbolt, National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Zeus throwing a thunderbolt. Or Poseidon with his trident. You decide.

There is debate whether this is Zeus throwing a thunderbolt or Poseidon with his trident. The weapon, you see, is lost.

I’m calling him Zeus.

Mike thinks he’s wonderfully well-proportioned, but I think his arms are disproportionately long.

An Impromptu Dinner Out

Walking home from the Metro, we stopped in the little three-aisle market to pick up some food. On the way home, however, a tiny cafe caught our eyes. The young, friendly cook/server (who turned out to be working for her mother-in-law) invited us to look at the dishes on offer, explaining what each was. We up and decided to sit down at one of the six or so tables. We gobbled down moussaka, spinach crepes, stuffed chicken and potatoes, and two Greek salads. And I do mean gobbled. Perhaps we haven’t been eating as well as I think we have been.

Jan 072017
 

Never mind that the New Acropolis Museum opened in 2009; I suspect it will be called “new” indefinitely.

In case you missed it: We had the Kerameikos site in the morning and the stadium, National Garden, and changing of the comically clad guard in the afternoon. That evening, we explored the New Acropolis Museum.

Out with the Old Acropolis Museum

The previous museum was itty-bitty, situated up beside the Parthenon. People complained it didn’t do justice to the art and artifacts it contained. Having seen the building, I can’t disagree.

The nearly all-glass New Acropolis Museum, with views of the Acropolis through its windows, is beautiful and inviting, inside and out. It is built above the excavation of an early Christian site, and glass floors allow us to look down into the site, which wonderfully and concretely demonstrates how the land we’re walking on in Athens might be sitting on ancient ruins. It’s a bizarre feeling and idea to wrap one’s head around. I think that probably stands out more for young-landers like Americans than old-lander Europeans.

None of us took a picture of that, unfortunately. Some excuses might include the following:

  • it was nighttime and dark, so the exterior pictures might not have been great
  • we were not allowed to photograph certain parts of the museum, and that can be confusing and discouraging

I didn’t say they were good excuses.

Parthenon Friezes

Inside the museum, the top floor contains the friezes that were originally on the cella of the Parthenon. That’s an interior section of the building, so these shouldn’t have been weathered so much as the friezes on the outside. The way they are displayed in the museum mimics the way they were displayed on the Parthenon: around the interior court, facing outward, and in the same order. They make up a continuous scene depicting the Panathenaic procession, when the city presented the statue of Athena with that year’s peplos.

Parthenon Frieze: Leading a Sacrificial Bull - Jen Funk Weber

Leading a sacrificial bull during the Panathenaic Procession. Methinks the bull is wise to the plan for his future.

Slaves riding chariot horses, Panathenaic procession - Jen Funk Weber

Slaves riding chariot horses during the Panathenaic Procession

The designer left blank spaces between the bits in the museum collection to make a statement and, with luck, to have those spaces filled with the parts that belong there.

The Elgin Marbles

Between 1801 and 1803, Lord Elgin of England removed a bunch of friezes from Turkish-occupied Athens and later sold them to the British Museum, where they remain today as the “Elgin Marbles.” Greece wants them back. They’re hoping that visitors to the New Acropolis Museum will help put pressure on England to return them.

My opinion: An argument can be made that Lord Elgin and England helped save and preserve the pieces, and I’m grateful for that, but I think it’s time they go home to Greece. If nothing else, the British Museum should be leasing the artifacts so that Greece benefits financially. I’ve not heard the latter suggested anywhere; I’m making that up, but it seems reasonable to me. Greece should benefit somehow, and dog knows they need the money. Sorry, Lord Elgin, it’s time to lose your marbles.

The majority of the pieces are at the British Museum. The New Acropolis Museum has the next largest collection, and other bits are in six other museums or locations.

Parthenon Metopes

On the outside of the Parthenon, above the columns, were sculpted metopes depicting myths. Originally, 92 plaques decorated the building. Many were destroyed (like when the Turks chose to house munitions here, using the historical monument as a shield, and Venetians bombed it anyway); some are in the British Museum and elsewhere; some are here.

Centauromachy - Jen Funk Weber

Centaur battling a Lapith man

This is a centaur battling a Lapith during the wedding feast of one of Theseus’s friends.

The pediments on the Parthenon exterior also depicted myths. Some original bits remain, but these are miniature replicas. You’ll have to click on the pictures to see them at a decent size. Use your “back” button to return here.

Parthenon pediment replica - Jen Funk Weber

Parthenon pediment. Who or what do you recognize here?

Parthenon pediment replica - Jen Funk Weber

The pediment from the other end of the Parthenon

What characters and stories can you identify here? Tell us in the comments.

Caryatids

The original caryatids from the Erechtehion now live in the museum.

Caryatids from the Erechtheion, New Acropolis Museum - Jen Funk Weber

Caryatids from the Erechtheion, New Acropolis Museum

Caryatid back, New Acropolis Museum - Jen Funk Weber

Caryatid back side. Love the hair.

I like the hair and flowing robes, and that these are actually columns that once held up a building. You go, girls! These caryatids are all similar; I prefer it when they’re all different, as they sometimes are.

My Favorite Display at the New Acropolis Museum

I loved seeing the above artifacts, both the weathered originals and the replicas.

And then I came to a display that I initially thought out of place. Honestly, my gut reaction was not favorable. Bad, judgemental gut!

But then I looked closely, and I changed my mind completely. When Barb, Mike, and I chose our favorites for the day, I chose this:

The Lego Acropolis

Lego Acropolis, Erechtheion side - Jen Funk Weber

Lego Acropolis, Erechtheion side

Lego Acropolis, Odeon side - Jen Funk Weber

Lego Acropolis, Odeon side

The accuracy of this is impressive. All the ruins are there, along with structures that once were but are no longer, like the stoa.

Lego Acropolis Stoa - Jen Funk Weber

Lego Acropolis Stoa

Let’s look at some of the details.

Lego Athena and Poseidon - Jen Funk Weber

Lego Athena and Poseidon

This is outside the Erechtheion. That’s Athena and Poseidon battling for Athens. Poseidon brings forth a spring (the blue thing between them) with his trident, but it turns out to be salty. Athena offers an olive tree (the green thing in front of them and in her hand). Athena wins. Who wants a salty spring?

The display is full of such details, some myth, some history, some modern, some silly.

Lego Odeon of Herodes Atticus concert - Jen Funk Weber

Lego Odeon of Herodes Atticus concert

This is the Odeon of Herodes Atticus. Concerts are played here still. This Lego version nails the ruins and includes the modern lights used now.

Let’s zoom in.

Lego Elton John - Jen Funk Weber

Lego Elton John

Recognize that famous Lego entertainer, who probably plays that piano?

That’s Lego Elton John. This is historically accurate: He really played at the Odeon.

What do you see here?

Lego Theater of Dionysus, Acropolis - Jen Funk Weber

Lego Theater of Dionysus, Acropolis

That’s the Theater of Dionysus.

Lego Oedipus Rex, Acropolis Museum - Jen Funk Weber

Lego Oedipus Rex, Acropolis Museum

A play is being performed. Someone is lying dead on the stage. Those red circles are blood.

Another character is pointing a sword at his own eye, and he’s got blood on him, too.

Yep, this is Oedipus Rex being performed. Oedipus has killed his father, married his mother, and he’s now putting out his own eyes.

One more . . .

Lego Story of Theseus - Jen Funk Weber

Lego Story of Theseus

I don’t recall what the building is, but I recognize the story being depicted in it. Do you?

That is Theseus carrying the string that helps him find his way out of the labyrinth after he kills the minotaur.

I didn’t take a picture of it, but I’m pretty sure I saw a Star Wars vignette somewhere, too. I’ve never seen Star Wars, so the joke may have gone over my head, but I recognized the characters. Wrong! It was Gandalf from Lord of the Rings! Gandalf, Darth Vader . . . they look a lot alike . . . I mean, the differences are hardly black and white. Ahem. I do know the LOTR story. Anyhoo, I was so excited, jumping from detail to detail that I neglected to get a picture of it. I guess that means you’ll have to go see it for yourself.

Lego Certified Professional, Ryan McNaught, Acropolis Museum

Well done, Ryan!

Super fun display!

Legos and ancient Greek sculptures side-by-side. This stuff—archaeology, art, history, myth—is accessible to all. It all snaps together to build an experience, a concept of history, and some sort of understanding.

Well done, Ryan McNaught, Lego, and New Acropolis Museum.

Jan 052017
 

We interrupt our irregularly scheduled linear blog-post program to bring you a real-time event that we found particularly fun. Just keeping you on your toes. Jump ahead to the island of Leros where we are currently staying.

Walking on Leros, in Greece - Jen Funk Weber

Waddaya say we go for a walk?

When Barb was here and we had the rental car, we tried to find a chapel called Aghios Petros. (We say EYE-yohs PET-rohs, but do you really want to take our word for it?) Despite Mike’s best navigational efforts, we wound up dead-ending in someone’s driveway then having to back up the steep and narrow “road” that got us into the mess. We backed into a driveway, where 30 seconds earlier an old Greek woman had looked quizzically at us as we proceeded to drive down to her neighbor’s house.

She chuckled. “Aghios Petros?” we asked. She didn’t speak English, but nodded and gestured “over there.”

We didn’t like the looks of the road over there, which was equally narrow but extra rough and rocky, so we decided to skip it for the time being. We’d been doing and seeing plenty already.

Today, carless, Mike and I decided to have another crack at it. Our feet can go loads of places a rental car can’t.

We took a new road through town (after passing it and then backtracking), past the hospital, and up through a residential area. The road was narrow—huh, fancy that—with houses that came smack up against it.

Imagine this: You stick your arm out of a window in a house and get your hand run over by a car. Seriously. There are houses with windows where that’s possible. I find this bizarre. My house is in the middle of 17 acres, and that’s barely enough elbow room for me.

Wildlife!

In a small field in the residential area, we spotted a tiny Athena’s owl, a.k.a. a little owl, perched on a rock, soaking up the sun.

Little Owl on Leros, Greece - Jen Funk Weber

Little owl on Leros

Little Owl on Leros, Greece - Jen Funk Weber

Is that gorgeous or what? I love owls.

Cool! What a fun way to start the day.

Finding Our Way

Mike referenced his map over and over, trying to make the roads we were on match the little white and yellow lines, but that is crazy hard to do. It’s a simple, basic map, and many roads are not recorded on it. In addition, there are no signs or street names on either the map or the roads. What’s worse, it’s impossible to tell a secondary road from a tertiary road from a private road from a driveway. There’s a lot of guesswork involved, as well as backtracking and changing plans—”well, that didn’t work, so let’s go here instead.”

What kind of road is this? Leros - Jen Funk Weber

You tell me: public road, private road, or driveway? (Correct answer: public road)

Soon we were out of the residential area. We walked over a hill and found ourselves in a tiny pine forest where houses had yards, gardens, orchards, goat pens, and chicken coops. The road turned to gravel and split a few times. We tried to stay on the main road, but see the previous paragraph.

End of pavement, Leros - Jen Funk Weber

Looking back at where the pavement ends. We’re leaving suburbia and heading into rural Leros.

Rural Leros

We walked through what felt like an exterior version of a farmer’s living room, greeted by his dogs, not completely sure whether we were still on the road or if this was the farmer’s private road. Mike played a “plead ignorance” card; I played a “Greeks don’t care” card—both fair plays—and we kept right on going. Well, I stopped to pet the puppy.

Goats in pen, Leros - Jen Funk Weber

We’re in rural farm country now

Around a couple of bends and up another hill, we found ourselves at a crossroads, with two chapels a football field-distance apart. I suggested we go to one of the chapels and see if it had a sign that might tell us something about where we were.

Un-signed Chapels

Aghios Elias, Leros - Jen Funk Webe

We are here

No sign. No surprise.

We went in, because why not?

It contained all the usual chapel accouterments: lots of religious pictures, an altar behind curtains, candles to light, a box for coins and bills to help pay for candles and oil and wicks and upkeep.

I studied the first picture, sounding out the Greek words. P-r-o-f . . . E-l-i-as. Mike, looking at a familiar picture of a guy looking at a crow holding a cracker, heard “Elias” and said “Oh, Elijah.” When he said “Elijah,” I recognized the first Greek word as “prophet.” The clues clicked into place.

Prophet Elijah, Aghios Elias, Leros - Jen Funk Weber

I didn’t recognize the story, but I could sound out the title

Prophet Elijah, Aghios Elias, Leros - Jen Funk Weber

P-r-o-f-e-t-e-s E-l-i-a-s

Elijah and crow-with-a-cracker scene, Leros - Jen Funk Weber

The picture-story Mike saw and recognized

I suggested Mike look at the map again and see if this Aghios Elias might be on the map.

Well, what do you know: It was!

Aghios Elias, Leros - Jen Funk Weber

Lighting a candle in Aghios Elias

We lit a candle for Barb, who couldn’t be there; for the Greek alphabet, and being able to sound out words; and for now knowing where we were, even if we weren’t sure how we’d gotten there.

Back on Track, Literally and Figuratively

With a bit more map study and deciding which of the four roads we were looking at wasn’t on the map, we concluded that Aghios Petros was just over another hill. The jury was still out on whether we’d found and taken the right road to this point or not.

Aghios Petros, Leros - Jen Funk Weber

On the horizon, in the center . . . that’s it!

Ding-ding-ding! We finally got it right! We found Aghios Petros, and it is now our favorite chapel on the island. This whole rural area is our favorite on the island.

Aghios Petros, Leros - Jen Funk Weber

Aghios Petros on Leros

Aghios Petros, detail, Leros - Jen Funk Weber

Aghios Petros

Aghios Petros interior, Leros - Jen Funk Weber

Behind the curtain is an altar. This is the most brightly painted chapel we’ve seen anywhere.

We enjoyed 360-degree views, the warm temperature, and no wind. No wind! We took some time to orient ourselves (especially geographically challenged me) to the different roads and buildings we could see, recalling places we’ve been and noting places we want to go.

Gourna Bay, Leros - Jen Funk Weber

Gourna Bay. Or Ghourna Bay. Or Ghournes Bay. Really. Pick one: Greeks don’t care.

Dhrymonas and Ghourna towns, Leros - Jen Funk Weber

The nearest cluster of buildings is the village of Dhrymonas, and the farther cluster is Ghourna.

Roads Less Traveled

On the way back, we discovered that we had, in fact, not been on the right road to the intersection with Aghios Elias. We may have been briefly on a farmer’s private road, after all. Or maybe it’s a public road that just isn’t on the map. Beats me.

The road we did not find with Barb

The road we did not take with Barb

Tractor on gravel road, Leros, Greece - Jen Funk Weber

This is perhaps the best vehicle for this road: a tricycle tractor. Our rental car was not like this.

The original plan had been to return the way we’d come, but with the error and a last-minute decision because the day was so nice, we wound up extending the trip and making a figure 8 loop.

Pine trees on Leros - Jen Funk Weber

Pine trees and pretty green understory

On the way through a pine forest along the coast, we crossed paths with a Greek man walking his dog. After casual greetings in both English and Greek, he asked where we were from. His English was excellent, and he was interested in talking. Turns out, he’s a retired photographer who worked for Kodak and lived in the US and UK for five and six years each. Now, he lives close to the marina in a house previously owned by his grandfather, and I have a mind to popping in on him. I’d like to learn more about him and see some of his photos.

Panorama of Dhrymonas and Ghorna, Leros, Greece - Jen Funk Weber

Click on this for a bigger view, then use our back button to return. Panorama of Gourna Bay and the villages of Dhrymonas and Ghourna.

Jan 022017
 

An Olympic Stadium

After exploring Kerameikos and grabbing some eats at home, we ventured out to the Kallimarmaro Stadium.

Kallimarmaro Stadium, Athens - Jen Funk Weber

Kallimarmaro Stadium, Athens

Kallimarmaro Stadium, Athens - Jen Funk Weber

Kallimarmaro Stadium, Athens

Athenians built this marvelous stadium in 330 BC for the Panathenaic Games. It fell into disuse for a while but was restored for the first modern Olympics in 1896. Restored again in 2004, it hosted the finish for the Olympic marathon as well as archery events.

Kallimarmaro Stadium, Athens - Jen Funk Weber

Sleek marble stadium seats

“Kallimarmaro” means “beautiful marble.”

Those sleek marble seats look beautiful, but my bony bum hurts just looking at them. I wonder how many people come with cushions. I wonder if there’s a cushion vendor at events. Now there’s a capital idea!

National Gardens

Next, we wandered through the National Gardens en route to the parliament building. We stopped to enjoy a pond with loads of ducks and a single black swan.

Black Swan

Black swan

Love the classical architecture of what I can only imagine is shelter for the ducks.

Classical architecture for duck housing

Classical architecture for duck housing

Then we found a busy turtle pond with some entertaining acrobatic turtles.

Turtle at Nation Garden, Athens - Jen Funk Weber

A turtle in the National Garden in Athens

Turtle at Nation Garden, Athens - Jen Funk Weber

“It’s turtles all the way down.”

We discovered some interesting trees that I dubbed “dead-elephant” trees because the giant, sprawling, gray bases make it look as though the trees are growing out of dead elephants.

Dead-Elephant Tree

Dead-Elephant Tree

Elephant skin?

Elephant skin?

Real name of Dead-Elephant Tree

Real name of Dead-Elephant Tree

Familiar Books . . . in Greek

Nearing the parliament building, we passed some tables with books for sale and spotted some familiar kids’ books with Greek covers. That was fun!

Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Double Down, in GreekDiary of a Wimpy Kid: Double Down, in Greek

Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Double Down, in Greek, and beside it Harry Potter and the Cursed Child

Mike figured out the Harry Potter title by sounding out the Greek for “Harry Potter.” Note that the Greek version of J. K. Rowling uses as TZ for the first initial. There is no J in Greek.

I’m so glad we learned the Greek alphabet and some pronunciation. We’ve had a heap of fun and enjoyed a lot of surprises because of it.

The Fault in Our Stars, in Greek

The Fault in Our Stars, in Greek

Evzones and the Changing of the Guard

And then we arrived at the parliament building for the changing of the Presidential Guards.

Oy.

I’m pretty sure this is supposed to be some solemn event, but I can muster no solemnity. It strikes me as Disney-style entertainment.

Members of the Presidential Guard, the Evzones, are a special unit of the Hellenic Army that guard the Monument of the Unknown Soldier in front of the Hellenic Parliament and the Presidential Mansion. These guys are supposed to be symbols of bravery and courage.

Greek Evzones in Athens

Evzones: the embodiment of Greek bravery and courage

Remember the flag raisers at the Acropolis? That’s another duty of this special military unit.

Okay, I will admit to generally being unimpressed with ritual and symbolism. In fact, I suppose my inclination when it comes to rituals is to muck them up, whether that means simply foregoing them, refusing to do them, questioning why anyone does them, mocking them, or something else. I tend to think the importance assigned to rituals and symbols is overblown and even silly.

But I was curious nonetheless, and I wanted to see it—especially after seeing the traditional uniform in the guidebook, which gave me the giggles.

I was not disappointed: It looked just as funny in person! I think there are three official uniforms, maybe more. We saw the winter every-day one. The fancy ones are used for special events and on Sundays at 11, I understand. You know, because Sundays . . . and eleven. What better reasons could we possibly need for making that occasion special?

Evzones Presidential Guard change

The Evzones uniform, in all its glory

All three uniforms involve white leggings and skirts. I choose to leave the word “kilt” to the Scots, who do them right. I will not ridicule kilts; I love them. These Greek things, however, are so full from so many pleats that “skirt” is more accurate. I read that each has 400 pleats to represent 400 years of Ottoman rule and oppression.

Since the excuse for those pleats is symbolism, wouldn’t it make more sense to leave those 400 pleats and years behind with a more flattering Scottish-style kilt to represent overcoming that time and unfortunate style? Or maybe people here genuinely like them, the way I like kilts. Fair enough, if that’s the case.

The fancy shoes are red, which could be cool, but “cool” is kicked to the curb when you put pompoms on the toes—the meaning or point of which has not been addressed anywhere I’ve seen. Mike thinks they were used in battle to throw the enemy into fits of laughter so they could be more easily overwhelmed. It probably worked.

Pleated skirts and shoes with pompoms—is anyone else thinking “cheerleader”?

How many Greek kids do you suppose dream of growing up to be an Evzone?

Greek Evzones at the chaging of the guard

See the clickers on the bottom of the shoes?

The soles of the shoes are embedded with clicking hobnails or something. Clicking shoes aren’t by themselves ridiculous; it’s how you use that clicking, and the Greeks don’t use them well.

The rest of the uniform is fine. Or maybe I couldn’t take my eyes off the skirt, leggings, and shoes.

Oh. Wait. That way-long silk tassel coming off the beanie and draping down the side of the guy’s face looks like a long, black ponytail.

For sixty minutes at a time (three times in a 48-hour period), the guards stand stock still with no expression and no eye movement whatsoever.

I don’t doubt this is hard to do, and I don’t for a minute think I could do it. The guidebooks insist these are elite, highly trained military pros, but . . . really? I’m curious why this falls into the realm of military and not, say, religious monks. Isn’t this more like meditation than guarding, fighting, or defending? What is the point of this, really?

And I wonder if women serve as these guards. We didn’t see any. Physical traits factor into who is selected for these unique positions. For instance, height. These guards are all over 6.13 feet tall.

As happens with other amusingly clad parliamentary guards in England and Canada, during their hour of motionless duty, visitors squish in beside the Evzones for pictures. I imagine they endure silliness, teasing, and maybe even abuse. And then they change places with another guard.

The choreography of the change underwhelmed me. It was very slow, silly walking. John Cleese would be brilliant. My 18-second video will give you the gist. The guards are supposed to be in sync, but in this case they aren’t. Frankly, I blame the slow pace: There’s no rhythm to count out.

I would be at least a little impressed by perfect synchronization—however silly the action. They should work on that.

Unfortunately—or maybe fortunately—my camera battery gave out after 18 seconds. Or did the camera just get bored and quit? You can find a full-length video on YouTube, if you really want to.

One move my video doesn’t capture: the foot brushing the ground in a backward sweep, like a horse does when counting. And speaking of horses, while the toe half of the shoe is studded with hobnails, the heel is fitted with a horseshoe.

Sole of Evzones shoe

A nice look at the sole of the Evzones shoe

Some suggest the slow movement is necessary after the guards have stood stock still for an hour. That may be true, but I’m going to need to see the science on that before I’ll be convinced.

A story reported on several websites says that during a demonstration in 2001, someone blew up a guard shack with a molotov cocktail. The flaming shack didn’t elicit so much as a blink from the guard. He stood there until a camo-clad military guy gave him an order to move.

Wait. Why are these guys called “guards” again? Does anyone else think it would be more impressive had the guard caught the miscreant?

I’m confused.

This kind of entertainment builds up an appetite, though. Time to go home for dinner.

Evzones leaving

The End

Dec 312016
 

What does the word “Kerameikos” make you think of? What similar word comes to mind?

Change the Ks to Cs.

Kerameikos . . . Ceramics

It is the name of a district on the edge of Ancient Athens, named for Keramos, the patron god of ceramics. The Eridanos River ran through this area, providing clay and water for the potters’ shops that lined the banks.

I don’t think the river runs here anymore. I would guess it has either dried up, gone underground, or changed course. There is a little gully through the area, though, which hoses seem to be irrigating. Tree saplings are planted along the gully’s edge, as though someone is trying to re-establish the ancient landscape.

Gully or River at Kerameikos, Athens - Jen Funk Weber

Gully or river at Kerameikos

Ancient City Wall and Gates

In its heyday, this was the edge of the city of Athens. Remains of the city wall are here, along with two gates, leading to two roads. Athenian ruler Themistockles built the wall all around the city in 478 BC.

Ancient Athens city wall in Kerameikos - Jen Funk Weber

Barb walking outside the ancient Athens city wall

One gate, the Dipylon, was the grand entrance into the ancient city. The main roads from Thebes, Corinth, and the Peloponnese led to this gate. It was, more or less, the front door to Athens.

Ancient Dipylon Gate, Athens - Jen Funk Weber

Remains of the Dipylon Gate, now under cover.

The other gate, a hop, skip, and a jump away, was the Sacred Gate leading to the Sacred Way, used solely by pilgrims, priests, and priestesses.

Arch Over Sacred Way - Jen Funk Weber

An arch over the Sacred Way road

Kerameikos, Athens - Jen Funk Weber

Both gates and the Pompeiion at Kerameikos

In the above picture, see the arch over the grassy path on the left side? It’s not super easy to make out in this shot, I know. As we have it figured, that grassy path is the road called the “Sacred Way.” To the right of that, note the rectangular area encompassed by used-to-be pillars. That’s the Pompeiion, which we’ll talk about in a bit. To the right of that, farther away, is the Dipylon Gate—those orange rocks under the little roof. That gate, which is really the gate support, is some different kind of rock. There isn’t much left of the gate supports on the Sacred Way.

I thought it strange that there were two gates and roads so near each other, but get this: It’s said that warriors returned to the city via one of the roads, priests and priestesses the other. One led to a brothel, the other to a temple. I’ll leave it to you to figure out which was which. There’s evidence for the brothel in X-rated pottery at the museum. I have pictures, but I am a children’s author, so I’ll forego posting those.

It took some effort to connect what the guidebooks and maps were saying with what we were seeing, but we stuck with it until we figured it out. One problem was the signage at the site: None of the maps on the signs were oriented to the site. Every stinking one had to be mentally rotated to match what we were seeing.

What? That’s ridiculous! Come on, Greece, get it together. Unfortunately, my head doesn’t rotate maps very well. (Come on, Jen, get it together!) But it was an interesting and pleasant site (lots of green, few people), so we took the time and made the effort to figure it out. We think we were successful.

Kerameikos Graves

Outside the city wall, along the two roads are graves. Statesmen and heroes were buried close to the city wall and given interesting tombstones, while commoners were buried farther away in less showy tombs.

A common motif on tombstones was the dead person sitting in a chair, or in one case a boat, with a standing friend, family member, or group shaking his/her hand. The faces of the survivors are somber.

Kerameikos tombstone 01 - Jen Funk Weber

Saying goodbye to the seated dead person

Kerameikos tombstone 02 - Jen Funk Weber

Well, they don’t ALL shake hands

Kerameikos tombstone 03 - Jen Funk Weber

But many do

Kerameikos tombstone 04 - Jen Funk Weber

And at least one dead person prefers to sit in a boat

Not all grave monuments are of the saying-goodbye variety.

Kerameikos tombstones - Jen Funk Weber

A hero’s tombstone, I’d guess

Kerameikos tombstones - Jen Funk Weber

A bull grave monument . . . further story to come

A good many of these saying-goodbye scenes include a dog, also saying goodbye. It seems Athenians have long loved their pets.

Kerameikos tombstone with dog - Jen Funk Weber

See the dog?

Kerameikos tombstone with dog - Jen Funk Weber

See the dog now?

About Those Dogs . . .

Speaking of dogs, according to one of our guidebooks, Athens has over 150,000 stray dogs. We’ve seen loads of stray cats, too. There is supposed to be a trap-neuter-return program in effect, and our observations suggest the animals are getting care. They all look good: well fed, healthy coats, and not a lot of fighting or grumpiness. I see groups of dogs with collars that have little plastic tags of different colors. They don’t look like normal dog tags for pets. I wonder if these are placed on strays that have been neutered and returned to their home territory.

Some packs look a little intimidating when they come trotting toward you, but they all seem to be going about their business as residents of the city with little regard for their human neighbors. And we’ve seen humans pouring piles of food along garden walls and under bushes, like putting seed out for birds. What they’re doing seems to work.

Pets are abundant, too. Here at Kerameikos, one of the workers leaves his German shepherd in a pen alongside the water closet. Every time the man peeks around the corner to check on his pooch, the dog barks a greeting and update. I think his last one was, “Boy, these visitors are friendly; they keep talking to me. And they may be lost; they’ve been by here three times now.”

Wildlife

While there are heaps of domestic animals in Athens, wildlife, not so much. But guess what: We saw some here! Yes, wild animals, and I’m not talking about the birds—not to poo-poo the birds. First we noticed some holes on a little hill, looking closer, we were thrilled to discover a tortoise.

Kerameikos tortoise - Jen Funk Weber

Look! It’s a Kerameikos tortoise!

We took turns looking through the binoculars at it, and then we noticed a second one on the hill. After 10 or 15 minutes of admiring the distant tortoises, we looked down and noticed three at our feet, inches away. In fact, the place was rotten with tortoises. Who knew? The guidebooks don’t mention them.

Kerameikos tortoise - Jen Funk Weber

Oh, look. There are bunches of them.

The Pompeiion

Inside the city wall is the Pompeiion. See? I told you we’d get to it eventually. The Pompeiion was a building used to prepare for religious festivals and processions. Remember that peplos (tubular garment) that Athenian women wove for the statue of Athena every year? It was carried through the city in the Panathenaic procession, and that procession started right here. I think the peplos was made here, too.

The Pompeiion in Kerameikos, Athens - Jen Funk Weber

In the above photo, note the flat platform at the bottom. I’m thinking this might have been the way out of the Pompeiion. There are some grooves in the rock pavement that might have been made by cart wheels exiting the premises.

Also note how crowded the site isn’t.

Kerameikos Museum

Now, all those grave monuments we just saw were sitting out in the elements. They are replicas of the originals. The originals are in the museum on the site—or many of them, anyway.

Kerameikos tombstones - Jen Funk Weber

The original boat tombstone

Kerameikos tombstones - Jen Funk Weber

The original bull

Kerameikos tombstones - Jen Funk Weber

The story behind the bull

Of course, the museum also had bunches of pottery. As always, I love the patterns, so I took lots of pics of those.

Kerameikos pottery - Jen Funk Weber

Pretty simple patterns and Zeus swans

Kerameikos pottery - Jen Funk Weber

Love the animals on this one

Kerameikos pottery - Jen Funk Weber

Even the figurines have patterns

And then . . . a mystery

And then there was this:

Kerameikos mystery rock - Jen Funk Weber

Well, it’s cordoned off, but what is it?

Kerameikos mystery rock - Jen Funk Weber

No, really . . . what is it?

No signs to explain what this is all about. I don’t know if Greece means this as a joke, but I sure found it funny.

The End

Kerameikos edge - Jen Funk Webe

Plato’s Academy is that way, through the arch.

The Kerameikos archaeological site ends here, but that road through the arch and history keep going. Plato’s Academy is down that way, but you’ll have to be a tortoise to tunnel through. The modern city above prevents further excavation, I suppose.

We bought some cashews, pistachios, and pumpkin seeds from a street vendor on the promenade (I’m not sure anyone calls it that besides us), then we stopped in a tourism office to confirm the route to the National Archaeological Museum via metro or trolley—tomorrow’s main event. We enjoyed a break and some food at home, and then we were off again.

But this post is long enough, don’t you think? So . . .

To Be Continued

Dec 302016
 

Remember the Stitching for Literacy Book Club? I miss it. I loved reading books that my friends suggested, especially books that were outside my normal reading zone. I’d never have picked up Ender’s Game if Kat hadn’t chosen it for the Group.

And I loved discussing the books.

This year, I’m embracing the 2017 Popsugar Ultimate Reading Challenge, which is a collection of 40 prompts for which you select books to read. The idea is to expand your reading choices. There’s a Goodreads group—more than one, really—if you want to undertake the challenge with a community, and then there’s the option of joining me or forming your own Group.

I will attempt to meet the challenge by all my methods of reading: solo reading, joint reading with Mike (he’s on board), and audio book listening as I do dishes, work in the garden, pick berries, walk dogs, etc. There is an audio book prompt, but I’m allowing the other prompts to be audio books, too.

Here is my reading list so far. Naturally, I reserve the right to change my mind about any prompt and switch books around at any time to meet the challenge. I’m looking for suggestions for books that meet the prompts, so please see where your favorite books might fit, and let me know.

Heads up! Links are affiliate links. That means if you click on one and make a purchase, I may receive a small commission. Thanks!

Jen’s 2017 Popsugar Reading List


1. A book recommended by a librarian – Americanah, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, recommended by Taylor Kenkel
2. A book that’s been on your TBR list for way too long
3. A book of letters
4. An audiobook
5. A book by a person of color – Brown Girl Dreaming, Jacqueline Woodson, recommended by Taylor Kenkel, but it was already on my bookshelf. Credit to Taylor for making it a priority this year.
6. A book with one of the four seasons in the title
7. A book that is a story within a story
8. A book with multiple authors – SOS: The Story Behind the Army Expedition to Borneo’s “Death Valley,” by Lt. Col. Robert Neill and Major Ron Foster, because we know someone involved in the rescue
9. An espionage thriller
10. A book with a cat on the cover
11. A book by an author who uses a pseudonym
12. A bestseller from a genre you don’t normally read –
13. A book by or about a person who has a disability
14. A book involving travel – The Odyssey, Homer, translated by Robert Fagles
15. A book with a subtitle – The Invention of Nature: Alexander von Humboldt’s New World, Andrea Wulf, recommended by Mike Maier
16. A book that’s published in 2017
17. A book involving a mythical creature
18. A book you’ve read before that never fails to make you smile
19. A book about food – 97 Orchard: An Edible History of 5 Immigrant Families, Jane Ziegelman; or The Food of a Younger Land, Mark Kurlansk, both recommended by Donna.
20. A book with career advice
21. A book from a nonhuman perspective
22. A steampunk novel
23. A book with a red spine
24. A book set in the wilderness – Wilderness Essays, by John Muir
25. A book you loved as a child
26. A book by an author from a country you’ve never visited – Happiness, Like Water, Chinelo Okparanta, born in Nigeria, recommended by Taylor Kenkel
27. A book with a title that’s a character’s name
28. A novel set during wartime – Lilac Girls, Martha Hall Kelly, recommended by Rebecca Downey Thomas
29. A book with an unreliable narrator
30. A book with pictures – graphic novel: Lumberjanes, by Noelle Stevenson, Shannon Watters, Brooke A. Allen, recommended by Taylor Kenkel
31. A book where the main character is a different ethnicity than you
32. A book about an interesting woman – Ladies of the Field: Early Women Archaeologists and Their Search for Adventure, Amanda Adams or maybe Born to Rebel: the Life of Harriet Boyd Hawes, Mary Allsebrook, if I can get my hands on a reasonably priced copy.
33. A book set in two different time periods
34. A book with a month or day of the week in the title
35. A book set in a hotel
36. A book written by someone you admire – The Snow Child, Eowyn Ivey, she’s almost a neighbor
37. A book that’s becoming a movie in 2017
38. A book set around a holiday other than Christmas
39. The first book in a series you haven’t read before – The Marcus Didius Falco Series, The Silver Pigs, by Lindsey Davis, recommended by Barb, in part because it’s set in Rome
40. A book you bought on a trip

So who’s game to give this a go with me?

And what suggestions do you have for the different prompts?